Temple of Athena Nike

 Temple of Athena Nike Essay

The Temple of Athena Nike

Greek Structures is the most important and influential in Western history reaching a optimum between 400 and three hundred BC. A few examples of Ancient greek language architecture and sculptures were built generally for faith based purposes, to represent deities or to serve as wats or temples, such as the Acropolis, the Parthenon, Erechtheum, Apollo Didyma, plus the Temple of Athena Nike. The decision to develop Athena Nike was a manifestation of Athens' ambitions to defeat Sparta and become a new power. The ancient Greek empress Nike was the personification of the ideal of victory. Probably the most common epithets for the goddess was Athena Nike. A temple to Athena was built on the Acropolis of Athens, Acropolis meaning " The Sacred Rock, the substantial city” (Ancient Greece). Durete akroteria (added decoration) on the corners and central ridge of the brow roof displayed Nike, and the temple on its own was surrounded by a balustrade decorated which has a frieze. Early in the Temple's (Athena Nike) history, it was a place of worship pertaining to deities associated with wars, maybe Bronze Age " Nike” gods or goddesses, which with time fused with the conspiracy of Athena Nike of later hundreds of years, but very little is known regarding the history, nature or functions of the Athena Nike cult. The forehead is less space-consuming than the other temples with the Acropolis. This " 5th-century Temple of Athena Nike, dedicated to Athena the Victor, stands on the projecting abri originally part of the Mycenaean fortifications, towards the south of the Propylaia” (Freeman 2006, 73). This kind of bastion, that has been known as a pyrgos (tower), goes back to at least the Bronze Age group. In Ancient greek language myth " It is from this elevated location that Theseus' father Aegeus is said to have kept watch for the returning of his son via Crete. Theseus had promised to hoist a white colored sail in the event that his deliver was delivering him house alive. He forgot to do this, and discovering the black sail strategy and believing his son to have been devoured by the Minotaur, Aegeus hurled himself from the cliff” (Freeman 06\, 76).

The temple is built inside the Ionic buy which makes it greatly contrast while using Doric design Propylaia, thought to have been created by Killikrates, the architect. There have been three fundamental orders of Greek articles called Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric design is rather sturdy and its best is simple. The Ionic style is thinner and even more elegant. The Corinthian design is seldom used in the Greek globe, but the Parthenon combines portions of the Doric and Ionic orders. The Temple of Athena Nike was 14 feet high from the stylobate to the top of their pediment, which has been customary in Attica (but not in Ionia). The temple's proportion of the steering column height to its size is six: 1 instead of the customary 9: 1 of other Ionic temples. It absolutely was completely made of white Pentelic marble, and was created around four-twenty B. C. by the Greeks (Kleiner 2013, 141). Through recent excavations, it is recently been found that an open gap existed for the Temple of Athena Nike, in order for Fermete Age Greeks to put wine inside the pit and also put figurines of the gods in there(The Parthenon).

This forehead is smaller sized in comparison to the surrounding temples, but it is furnished with a frieze that kept a high place in the minds of the persons of Portugal. There are 4 columns right in front and four inside the rear. The Ionic content are monoliths, carved from single items of marble. The sheer walls of its bastion were protected by the north, western world, and south by a parapet. The north frieze portrayed a fight between the Greeks involving installed troops. The east frieze portrayed the gods Athena, Zeus, and Poseidon. That shows " a representation of the decisive battle by Marathon, which usually turned the tide against the Persians – a human function, as in the Parthenon's Panathenaic Festival procession frieze, the Athenians chronicled a specific event, not a recurring event involving anonymous citizens” (Kleiner 2013, 141). The south frieze portrayed the victory in the Persians in the...


Related

Nike Situation Paper

Nike Position Daily news In our frequent society today, there is an intricate issue between boycotting and helping many different transnational corporations just like Nike, Incorporation. It has been inferred…...

Essay regarding The Teaching Styles of the Apology of Plato a great the Gospel of Henry

Socrates and Lomaz are both regarded as being great teachers. They have both influenced many people with their particular teachings. However , comparing both is somewhat strange since Socrates…...

Shared Chatting Styles Herald New and Lasting Love Essay

Working Head: TALKING STYLE Big t. King ideas on the article " Shared Speaking Styles Herald New and Lasting Romance” And Language Style Coordinating…...

Based on the three methods accustomed to calculate a forecast to get TFY, which in turn method developed the best forecast? Essay

Based upon our calculations between the basic three-month moving average and the three period weighted shifting average, the strategy that produced the best prediction was the measured moving normal.…...

Marketing Equipment Essay

Reliance new Company summary: Reliance Fresh is the comfort store file format which varieties part of the price tag business of Reliance Industrial sectors of India which is…...

Abraham Lincoln subsequently and Captivity Essay

Abraham Lincoln and Slavery What did Abraham Lincoln do and think regarding slavery during the Municipal War? In Abraham's 1st Inaugural Address he states " I actually…...

Genterology Essay

Many people have different views on aging, but many people respond with " Ageing is what you choose of it. "  There can be an increasing number…...

Uk Economic System Essay

Britian's Economic System plus the Impact of Policies with an Organisation The uk operates a diversified economic system that is among the largest in the world. The British economic system exhibits…...

marketing blend Essay

Week 8: Vitally explore the paradoxes, contradictions and complexities of the term " sustainable consumption” -May 2010 Gross annual exam twenty percent of the planet's people are…...

13 Reasons Why - Issue Essay

The cassette is nearly 30 years older and continues to be replaced by simply iPods and CDs. Yet , in 13 Reasons Why, 17-year-old Hannah Baker uses cassette…...