Perceived Organizational Support

 Perceived Organizational Support Dissertation

Diary of Vocational Behavior 63 (2003) 438–456

Perceived organizational support as a mediator of the romance between politics perceptions and work effects Wayne A. Hochwarter, a, * Charles Kacmar, m Pamela T. Perrew, a e c and Diane Johnson Section of Managing, Florida Point out University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1110, USA Section of Managing Information Devices, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1110, USA Department of Administration and Advertising, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0225, USA m a


Received 28 February 2002

Abstract This current study investigates the mediating potential of perceived organizational support (POS) on governmental policies perceptions–work results relationships. In line with previous study, individuals could discriminate politics activity at more than one level (i. elizabeth., at the maximum level inside the organization, 1 level up coming from oneÕs current level, and at oneÕs current level). Further more, politics identified at one particular level up by oneÕs current level and politics on the highest amounts in the business were adversely related to identified organizational support. In addition , DETRAS was relevant to job pleasure, performance, affective commitment and jobinduced anxiety providing support for mediation. Implications of such findings, talents and limits, and potential avenues intended for future research are provided. Ó 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. Keywords: Politics awareness; Perceived company support; Work outcomes

Matching author. Send: 1-850-644-7843. E-mail addresses: [email protected] fsu. edu (W. A. Hochwarter), [email protected] fsu. edu (C. Kacmar), [email protected] fsu. edu (P. L. Perrew), [email protected] ua. edu (D. Johnson). e 0001-8791/$ -- see the front matter Ó 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All legal rights reserved. doi: 10. 1016/S0001-8791(02)00048-9


W. A. Hochwarter et al. / Diary of Vocational Behavior 63 (2003) 438–456


1 ) Introduction Significant reviews with the literature have linked perceptions of national politics with a host of negative outcomes (Ferris & Assess, 1991; Kacmar & Baron, 1999). What is currently with a lack of the materials, however , is empirical proof of why these unfavorable relationships exist. Instead of analyzing theoretically relevant mediators of politics perceptions–work outcomes interactions, researchers have assumed the fact that self-serving nature of politicking inherently leads to conflict (Drory & Romm, 1988), which usually, in turn contributes to negative outcomes. We say that a fundamental reason politics perceptions cause unfavorable final results is because confidence that the firm values the employeeÕs contribution is worn away in conditions fraught with politics. Further, politics perceptions have the potential to cultivate unfavorable reactions seeing that individuals question the organizationÕs motivation to shield their mental safety and well-being. In sum, we all contend that perceived company support (POS) serves as a crucial intermediate addition between governmental policies perceptions and work effects. The goal of the existing study is always to examine the mediating potential of DETRAS on various politics perceptions–work outcomes associations. Further, all of us examine politics perceptions by multiple hierarchical levels. Maslyn and Fedor (1998) suggest that politics perceptions may have differential effects depending upon the hierarchical level in the business. In this study, three amounts of politics perceptions are assessed: at the greatest level inside the organization, by one level up from oneÕs current level, and at oneÕs current level.

2 . Organizational politics and perceived organizational support It includes long been advised that work signifies a testing relationship wherever employees present effort in exchange for the two tangible returns such as spend and benefits and socioemotional benefits including appreciation and esteem (Angle & Perry, 1983; Levinson, 1965; March & Bob, 1958)....

References: Allen, D., Shore, T., & Griffeth, R. (1998). A model of perceived company support. Unpublished manuscript. School of Memphis and Georgia State School. Allen, And., & Meyer, J. (1990). The dimension and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative determination to the business. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1–17. Allen, Ur. W., Madison, D. T., Porter, T. W., Renwick, P. A., & Mayes, B. To. (1979). Company politics: Strategies and qualities of it is actors. Cal Management Review, 22, 77–83. Anderson, M., C, & Gerbing, G. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Emotional Bulletin, ciento tres, 411–423. Perspective, H., & Perry, M. (1983). Company commitment: Specific and organizational influences. Work and Jobs, 10, 123–146. Bagozzi, R. P., Yi, Y., & Phillips, M. W. (1991). Assessing create validity in organizational study. Administrative Research Quarterly, 36, 421–458. Blau, P. (1964). Exchange and power in social lifestyle. New York: Wiley. Brayfield, A., & Rothe, H. (1951). An index of job fulfillment. Journal of Applied Mindset, 35, 307–311. Cotterell, In., Eisenberger, Ur., & Speicher, H. (1992). Inhibiting effects of reciprocation wariness on interpersonal associations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 658–668. Cropanzano, Ur., Howes, M. C., Grandey, A. A., & Toth, P. (1997). The relationship of organizational national politics and support to operate behaviors, perceptions, and pressure. Journal of Organizational Tendencies, 18, 159–180. Cropanzano, L., James, E., & Konovsky, M. (1993). Dispositional affectivity as a predictor of work behaviour and job performance. Journal of Company Behavior, 13, 595–607. Cropanzano, R. S i9000., Kacmar, T. M., & Bozeman, D. P. (1995). Organizational governmental policies, justice, and support: Their very own differences and similarities. In R. H. Cropanzano & K. M. Kacmar (Eds. ), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing the social weather of the place of work (pp. 2–18). Westport, COMPUTERTOMOGRAFIE: Quorum Literature. Davis, Farreneheit. D. (1989). Perceived convenience, perceived ease of use, and consumer acceptance info technology. MIS Quarterly, 13, 319–340. Drory, A., & Romm, To. (1988). Politics in agencies and its awareness in the corporation. Organizational Studies, 9, 165–179. Eisenberger, Ur., Armeli, H., Rexwinkle, M., Lynch, L., & Rhoades, L. (2001). Reciprocity of perceived company support. Record of Used Psychology, eighty six, 42–51.

T. A. Hochwarter et approach. / Record of Business Behavior 63 (2003) 438–456


Eisenberger, R., Cotterell, N., & Marvel, J. (1987). Reciprocation ideology. Journal of Individuality and Sociable Psychology, 53, 743–750. Eisenberger, R., Cummings, J., Armeli, S., & Lynch, L. (1997). Perceived organizational support, discretionary treatment, and work satisfaction. Diary of Applied Psychology, 82, 812–820. Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P., & Davis-LaMastro, Sixth is v. (1990). Effects of perceived organizational support on worker diligence, development, and commitment. Journal of Applied Mindset, 53, 51–59. Eisenberger, Ur., Huntington, 3rd there�s r., Huntington, S i9000., & Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Diary of Applied Psychology, 71, 500–507. Eisenberger, R., Stinglhamber, F., Vandenberghe, C., Sucharski, I., & Rhoades, M. (2002). Recognized organizational support: Contribution to perceived corporation support and employee preservation. Journal of Applied Mindset, 87, 565–573. Ferris, G. R., & Judge, Big t. A. (1991). Personnel/human methods management: A political influence perspective. Diary of Managing, 17, 447–488. Ferris, G. R., & Kacmar, K. M. (1992). Perceptions of organizational national politics. Journal of Management, 18, 93–116. Ferris, G. L., Russ, G. S., & Fandt, G. M. (1989). Politics in organizations. In R. A. Giacalone & P. Rosenfeld (Eds. ), Impression supervision in the corporation (pp. 143–170). Hillsdale, NJ-NEW JERSEY: Erlbaum. Ferris, G. L., Frink, D. D., Galang, M. C., Zhou, L., Kacmar, T. M., & Howard, M. L. (1996). Perceptions of organizational national politics: Predictors, stress-related implications, and outcomes. Human being Relations, 49, 233–266. Gandz, J., & Murray, Versus. (1980). The experience of workplace national politics. Academy of Management Log, 23, 237–251. Gouldner, A. (1960). The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary assertion. American Sociological Review, 25, 161–178. Guzzo, R., Noonan, K., & Elron, E. (1994). Expatriate managers and the psychological contract. Journal of Applied Mindset, 79, 617–626. Hochwarter, W. (in press). The interactive effects of pro-political habit and national politics perceptions in job pleasure and affective commitment. Record of Applied Social Mindset. e Hochwarter, W., Perrew, P., Ferris, G., & Guerico, 3rd there�s r. (1999). Dedication as a great antidote for the tension and turnover implications of organizational politics. Diary of Professional Behavior, 55, 277–297. House, R., & Rizzo, J. (1972). Toward the measurement of organizational practices: Size development and validation. Log of Utilized Psychology, 56, 338–396. Jaccard, J., & Wan, C. (1996). LISREL approaches to interaction effects in multiple regression. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Kacmar, K. M., & Baron, 3rd there�s r. A. (1999). Organizational politics: The state of the field, backlinks to related processes, and an agenda for future research. In G. R. Ferris (Ed. ), Research in personnel and human resources management (vol. 17, pp. 1–39). Stamford, CT: JAI Press. Kacmar, K., & Carlson, D. (1997). Further validation in the Perceptions of Politics Scale (POPS): A multiple sample investigation. Log of Management, 23, 627–658. Kacmar, T. M., Bozeman, D. L., Carlson, G. S., & Anthony, W. P. (1999). A partial check of the perceptions of organizational politics style. Human Contact, 52, 383–416. Kelloway, K. (1998). Applying LISREL to get structural formula modeling: A researcherÕs guide. Thousand Oak trees, CA: Sage. Kenny, M., Kashy, M., & Bolger, N. (1998). Data examination in cultural psychology. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds. ), The handbook of social psychology (pp. 233–265). New York: McGraw-Hill. Kim, J., & Mueller, C. (1978). Factor examination: Statistical strategies and practical issues. New york city: Sage Magazines. Levinson, They would. (1965). Reciprocation: The relationship between man and organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 9, 370–390. Lynch, L., Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, R. (1999). Perceived company support: Second-rate versus excellent performance by simply wary personnel. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 467–483. March, T., & Sue, H. (1958). Organizations. Nyc: Wiley.


W. A. Hochwarter et al. / Journal of Vocational Behavior 63 (2003) 438–456

Maslyn, J., & Fedor, G. B. (1998). Perceptions of politics: Really does measuring different foci subject? Journal of Applied Mindset, 84, 645–653. Masterson, T., Lewis, K., Goldman, N., & Taylor swift, S. (2000). Integrating rights and sociable exchange: The differing effects of reasonable procedures and treatment about work human relationships. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 738–748. Mintzberg, H. (1983). Electric power in and around companies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Moorman, L., Blakely, G., & Niehoff, B. (1998). Does identified organizational support mediate the relationship between step-by-step justice and organizational citizenship behavior? School of Supervision Journal, forty one, 351–357. Parker, C., Dipboye, R., & Jackson, T. (1995). Awareness of company politics: An investigation of antecedents and effects. Journal of Management, twenty-one, 891–912. Tenir, L. W., Allen, R. W., & Angle, They would. L. (1981). The politics of upward influence in organizations. In L. M. Cummings & B. Meters. Staw (Eds. ), Analysis in organizational behavior (vol. 3, pp. 109–149). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, 3rd there�s r. (2002). Identified organizational support: A review of the literature. Log of Utilized Psychology, 87, 698–714. Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, T. (2001). Affective commitment for the organization: The contribution of perceived company support. Diary of Utilized Psychology, eighty six, 825–836. Johnson, S., & Morrison, E. (1995). Psychological contracts and OCB: The effect of unfulfilled commitments on civic virtue habit. Journal of Organizational Patterns, 16, 289–298. Rousseau, D. (1989). Internal and intended contracts in organizations. Staff Rights and Responsibilities Diary, 2, 121–139. Rousseau, D. (1990). Fresh hire awareness of their own and their employerÕs responsibilities: A study of psychological deals. Journal of Organizational Patterns, 11, 389–400. Schwab, M. P. (1980). Construct validity in company behavior. In B. Meters. Staw & L. T. Cummings (Eds. ), Study in Company Behavior (vol. 2, pp. 3–43). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Banks, L. Meters., & Shoreline, T. L. (1995). Recognized organizational support and organizational justice. In R. S. Cropanzano & K. Meters. Kacmar (Eds. ), Organizational politics, justice, and support: Managing the social environment of the place of work (pp. 149–164). Westport, CT: Quorum. Coast, L., & Tetrick, T. (1991). A construct approval study in the survey of perceived organizational support. Journal of Used Psychology, seventy six, 637–643. Sparrowe, R., Liden, R., Wayne, S., & Kraimer, M. (2001). Internet sites and the efficiency of individuals and groups. School of Managing Journal, forty-four, 316–325. David, S., Banks, L., & Liden, L. (1997). Perceived organizational support and leader–member exchange: A social exchange perspective. Schools of Supervision Journal, forty, 82–111. Wright, P., Kacmar, K., McMahan, G., & Deleeuw, T. (1995). L ¼ f(M x A): Cognitive potential as a moderator of the romance between persona and performance. Log of Supervision, 21, 1129–1140.


Journal around the Storm by simply Kate Chopin Does The Storm justification the marriage act? Article

The thunderstorm sets in action the cycle of incidents that leads towards the characters marriage act. Do you think the storm justifications the heroes in any way by responsibility…...

Level 5 Award in Preparing to Educate in the Long term Learning Sector Ptlls - City Guilds 6302 Essay

[pic] Level 4 Award in Getting ready to Teach inside the Lifelong Learning Sector (PTLLS - Metropolis & Guilds 6302) [pic] …...

Unit Three Supporting Children Essay

Unit 3В -В supporting childrenВ E1В The children act 1989В Safeguard of children act 1999В Protecting vulnerable groups act 2006В Childcare act 2006В Equal…...

Topic: Organizational culture can be fundamentally about symbolic that means and as such cannot be managed. Talk about. Essay

п»їTopic: Organizational culture is basically about symbolic meaning and therefore cannot be maintained. Discuss. Since the last 10 years the concept of lifestyle has been employed by some company…...

Marketing Equipment Essay

Reliance new Company summary: Reliance Fresh is the comfort store file format which varieties part of the price tag business of Reliance Industrial sectors of India which is…...

Abraham Lincoln subsequently and Captivity Essay

Abraham Lincoln and Slavery What did Abraham Lincoln do and think regarding slavery during the Municipal War? In Abraham's 1st Inaugural Address he states " I actually…...

Genterology Essay

Many people have different views on aging, but many people respond with " Ageing is what you choose of it. "  There can be an increasing number…...

Uk Economic System Essay

Britian's Economic System plus the Impact of Policies with an Organisation The uk operates a diversified economic system that is among the largest in the world. The British economic system exhibits…...

marketing blend Essay

Week 8: Vitally explore the paradoxes, contradictions and complexities of the term " sustainable consumption” -May 2010 Gross annual exam twenty percent of the planet's people are…...

13 Reasons Why - Issue Essay

The cassette is nearly 30 years older and continues to be replaced by simply iPods and CDs. Yet , in 13 Reasons Why, 17-year-old Hannah Baker uses cassette…...