Ap Euro

 Ap European Essay




AP Pound Notes

Product 1: Renaissance and Breakthrough discovery

I. The Renaissance in Italy (1375-1527)

Renaissance-a moments of transition from the medieval to the modern world Jacob Burkhardt: the renaissance was the launch of the " full, complete nature of man” Started after the fatality of Pertrach, " the daddy of humanism” and concluded with the bag of The italian capital from Spanish-imperial soldiers.

A. The German City-State

Regarding City-States: endemic warfare among emperor and pope of Italy fragile one another and strengthened merchant oligarchies from the cities. a few major, competitive states in Italy: Miami, Florence, Venice, the Pontifical States (Rome), and Southwest florida.

Social School and Conflict: Florence-four sociable groups: older rich/grandi, fresh rich service provider class-capitalists/ " fat people”, Middle category, populo minuto/ lower economic class.

Social divisions = conflict

Ex girlfriend or boyfriend: Ciompi Revolt- In 1378 the poor founded a chaotic four-year reign of electric power. Causes: argument between aged and fresh rich, cultural anarchy from Black Fatality, collapse of banking properties

Despotism and Diplomacy: Despots ruled the city states throughout the support of merchant oligarchies. podesta-a strongman hired simply by dominant groupings in a city who was offered all power to allow the normal flow of business activity through mercenary armies received through army brokers referred to as condoterri. Florence- Cosimo de' Medici managed city internally manipulating metabolic rate and impacting on elections. Govt: Florence was governed by a council called Signoria chosen from the effective guilds. Cosimo kept councilors loyal to him and as the head from the Office of Public Personal debt he had effect. His grand son, Lorenzo the magnificent ruled Florence in almost totalitarian fashion.

Milan-the Visconti along with Sforza friends and family ruled with no constitutional restraints or significant political competition as despots

Venice-ruled by successful merchant oligarchy with Senate of 300 users, a judicial body in the Council of Ten, which in turn suppressed compete with groups. City-states established embassies in other city-states and the ambassadors became agents as well

Influence: Despots presented flow of wealth that promoted Italian language Renaissance tradition B. Humanism

Humanism- the scholarly examine of the Latina and Ancient greek language classics and ancient Cathedral Fathers in hope of a rebirth of historical norms and values

Studia Humanitatis-liberal disciplines program of study that embraced sentence structure, rhetoric, poetry, history, national politics, and moral philosophy advertised by humanists Petrarch, Dante, and Boccaccio:

Petrarch- " father of humanism”. served the Visconti family in Milan, famous ancient Rome in his Letters to the Ancient Dead-personal words to Cicero, Livy, Vergil, and Horace, Africa-poetic famous tribute to Roman standard Scipio Africanus, and Lives of Illustrious Men-biographies of famous Roman men, his critical studies and elitism were precedents for later humanists, Classical and Christian principles co-existed in his work

a couple of



AP European Notes

Unit 1: Renaissance and Breakthrough

Dante- his Vita Mutamento and Keen Comedy, with Petrarch's sonnets were the cornerstones of Italian vernacular literature

Boccaccio-student of Petrarch's. Writings: Decameron- 100 bawdy tales advised by three or more men and 7 females which was a social comments on individual behavior, likewise collected a great encyclopedia of Greek and Roman mythology.

Educational Reforms and Goals

Humanists utilized primary options and rejected to be slaves to custom Pietro Paolo Vergerio's On the Morals That Befit a no cost Man had written about thinking about liberal education as education that developed and skilled the body being free Quintillian's Education with the Orator started to be the traditional guide for the humanist's curriculum. Reading the performs of Ancient greek philosophers and classics, strenuous physical exercise and games, and study of classical languages were an integral part of this programs. Baldassare Castiglone's book from the Courtier- became a practical guide for the nobility to understand...


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