American structural linguistics

 Essay in American strength linguistics

American structural linguistics

Structural linguistics in The european countries was partly concerned with which means and model but in D. America Franz Boas and Leonard Bloomfield took a much more descriptive/ positivist stance. In addition they reversed de Saussure's focus on the imaginative aspect of each day language. American linguistics started as a great offshoot of anthropology and was enthusiastic by the desperation of learning and conserving the American Indian different languages which were fast dying away... Boas's student Edward Sapir came nearer to European interpretivism - discover sec.. Leonard Bloomfield 1887-1949 Early work Introduction to study regarding Language, 1914 was affected by Wundt's mentalism. In the later Vocabulary, 1935 this individual adopted a strict and explicit behaviouristic stance. (See story of Jack, Jill and apple tree in Lyons, g. 32 - language as an alternative for various other, non-symbolic, behaviour) •Led to development of an empiricist technique for research of dialect. •``The simply useful generalizations about dialect are inductive generalizations. '' •Since specific definition of the majority of words was impossible to give, semantics was assumed to become outside the range of linguistics. •Distinction between descriptive and prescriptive (i. e. normative) grammar - the emphasis was on the former. In psychology Behaviorism (1920s-1950s) turned down the focus about mental procedures and anxious measurement depending on objective conduct. How does experience (reward and punishment) shape behaviour? B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) Children learn dialect through shaping (correction of speech errors). The associative chain theory: each word in a word serves as a stimulus for word, plus the entire word is created left to right. Method to studying a language:

1 . Uncover the basic appear elements (phonemes) of the terminology. 2 . Find the rules in which these phonemes are mixed to form sentences. Post-Bloomfieldians geared towards more objectivity (even mechanisation) in phonological and...


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